Free Friday: Writing Part 1


Hamburger WritingI know you’ve probably always heard, “don’t play with your food” but today we are going to have a bit of fun with it. Okay, so we’re not really going to play with it, but realize how useful a good ‘ol fashion hamburger can be….and how it’ll help you and your writing.

Whatever writing you’re currently doing, GREAT! Keep it up. It can be therapeutic, and a way to get things off our chest, or learn how to express ourselves. It can be personal and connect us with dear friends that are not so near, but then of course, it can be necessary for our academic and professional future. [Un]fortunately academic writing is what we’ll focus on today. We’ll start with some basics, academic writing 101 if you will, and learn some basic concepts that maybe you’re not familiar with, or just not comfortable with yet….


The paragraph is necessary in just about any form of academic writing. It can be the main substance of short/quick writes, or it can be just a small part of a much bigger essay. Learning about what makes a great paragraph will help create better structured, stronger writing assignments. So….
what is a paragraph?

a group of sentences that relate to a main subject or ‘theme’, and usually begins on a new line with an indentation

There are 3 main parts to a paragraph that we will focus on in part 1, similar to a hamburger:

Hamburger Writing(1)


 Topic Sentence:

As the first sentence, its job is important and needs to name the subject/theme of the paragraph. It will briefly state what the theme is and what the paragraph will continue to describe/explain.

  • 2 parts: topic & controlling idea
    • topic: name the subject/theme
    • controlling idea: explain what the paragraph will be about

Supporting Sentences:

The middle sentences are the details, “the meat.” [or in my case, the veggie patty♥] They are called supporting sentences, because they do just that, give support to the topic sentence and provide more details/descriptions/explanations about the paragraph’s subject.

  • transitional words help guide these supporting sentences, and explain the subject/theme introduced in the topic sentence
    • example ~ listing order: first, second, third, additionally, finally, also

Concluding Sentence:

The final sentence will conclude, or end, the paragraph. It often repeats the main idea of the topic sentence [in different words, of course], will summarize the main points, or in longer essays, will give a good lead into the following paragraph.

  • single paragraphs will use the concluding sentence to remind the reader the main point, or summarize what was said
  • paragraphs part of an essay will conclude the main idea while transitioning into the next
  • transitional words help reinforce it’s the end/transition
    • in short, finally, in conclusion, to conclude, to sum up, in summary, indeed

Don’t forget your sentence structure!

simple structure:           Subject + verb [+ object]

compound sentence:      simple structured sentence, + coordinating conjunction + simple structured sentence

connecting words to remember:

and ~ connects 2 or more similar ideas in an affirmative sentence

or~connects 2 or more similar ideas in a negative sentence  || OR || connects 2 choices/alternatives

coordinating conjunctions: (FANBOYS)

for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so


Let’s take a look at this similar paragraph example from the Longman Writing Series:

Beaches are fun in summer and in winter. In summer, you can swim and do many other water sports. If you don’t like water sports, you can play beach games or relax. In winter, beaches are less crowded, so they’re good for solitary walks. Also, on a clear winter night, nothing is more fun that a big bonfire. Indeed, a beach is a place to have fun all year.

Can you identify the topic sentence [topic & controlling idea], the supporting sentences, and the concluding sentence? [see below to check]


For your own practice, try writing some paragraphs in the comment section, or send by e-mail through the contact page. Some idea topics you can writing about:

  • introducing family
  • describing a place
  • state the reason you’re learning English
  • express your opinion about this blog
  • your favorite winter/summer activity


Happy Studying & Happy Writing ♥

I look forward to hearing from you.

Beaches are fun in summer and in winter
} topic: Beaches controlling: are fun in summer and in winter
In summer, you can swim and do many other water sports. If you don’t like water sports, you can play beach games or relax.

In winter, beaches are less crowded, so they’re good for solitary walks.
Also, on a clear winter night, nothing is more fun that a big bonfire.
Indeed, a beach is a place to have fun all year.

Free Friday: Listening Comprehension with TED

Practice Listening Comprehension & Vocabulary with TEDtalks Well, today is an excellent day to not only provide you with my Free Friday lesson…err, umm..Saturday lesson, but to also teach you the phrase, “it’s better late than never!” Something is ‘better … Continue reading

Free Friday: Vocabulary Lesson

As if I don’t have enough on my plate as it is, I’ve decided to re-introduce a weekly component of the blog and add “Free Friday,” in which I will be uploading some free lessons. I already post learning resources and opportunities as it is; however, this has a fun name!

First, did you notice my idiom related to food in the first sentence? “to have enough on my plate” is an idiom that means, I already have a lot going on, or I am already pretty busy. You will change the pronoun “my” to reflect the correct person (his, her, their, our, etc), and you can replace ‘enough’ with other words like: a lot, so much, etc…  OR, you can use it the opposite way and say, “I don’t have a lot on my plate.” This would mean you’re not busy at all!

This week includes a vocabulary lesson, and if you haven’t guessed already, it’s related to FOOD. You can check out my other food related information [more idioms] here.

Review vocabulary words, match their synonyms, and complete the sentence blanks with their appropriate word. You can even go one step farther, and create your own sentences in the comment section for me to review and check! Click the link below to review the lesson, and be sure to practice your writing, by writing them in a notebook:
Vocab_FoodEating      <~~vocabulary lesson link is this**

Happy Studying! ♥

Have you finished the vocabulary lesson? Check your answers here: Vocab_ANS_FoodEating

How did you do? Let me know, and don’t forget to write your own sentences to practice!

Please feel free to print/use this and all lesson material provided on English Outside the Box; however, names of creators (including English Outside the Box) must not be removed, and proper credit must be given.
This lesson came from Pathways 2. A National Geographic book written by B.T. Chase & K.L Johannsen.