Gerund Vs Infinitive- Part 2

Hey guys, I’m back!! As promised we are going to continue the part 1 post to discuss more about Gerunds vs Infinitives. I hope you understood everything on the first post, but if not, don’t mind asking questions..

Now, we already went through the gerund part of this grammar topic, so let’s talk about when and how we should use the infinitive. First of all, I want to clarify the difference between the infinitive form and the base form of a verb. The infinitive is composed of “to” + a verb, whereas the base form is only composed of the verb. For instance, the verb “sleep” in its infinitive form is “to sleep” and its base form is “sleep”.

As the gerund, the infinitive also comes as a noun in the subject or object position.

  • As a subject: although is not so common to see infinitives as subjects, it’s not impossible, so we will list it here.

To swim is my favorite hobby.
To dance is an amazing activity.

  • As a subject complement: this case is more common to happen than the first one. The infinitive complements the subject and between them there MUST be a linking verb.

My favorite hobby is to swim. (notice that I’ve just paraphrased the last example, which shows that both exist but, as said, this one is more common than the other)

  • After adjectives: infinitives often follow adjectives to give reasons.

He was sad to say goodbye to his family members.
The company owner was anxious to make the next move.

  • Verbs that are followed by infinitives:
    • afford
    • agree
    • appear
    • arrange
    • ask
    • care
    • decide
    • demand
    • expect
    • fail
    • hope
    • learn
    • manage
    • mean
    • offer
    • plan
    • prepare
    • pretend
    • promise
    • refuse
    • seem
    • volunteer
    • wait
    • want
    • wish
  • Besides these verbs, there are also verbs that can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive WITHOUT a change in meaning:
    • begin
    • continue
    • hate
    • like
    • love
    • prefer
    • start
  • And the verbs that can be followed by both WITH  a change in meaning:
    • remember
    • forget
    • stop

I would like to make a side note to discuss these 3 verbs due to the change in meaning whether they are followed by the gerund or infinitive.

Remember and forget follow the same idea, meaning: “remember/forget you have done something”  or related to memory in the sense of “having/not having memory about a fact in the past” when is used with a gerund; or meaning “to forget/remember you need to do something” when is used with an infinitive.

Don’t forget to practice when you finish studying. ( In this case, somebody is advising you to practice later, hence this action is placed in the future)
She forgot giving me her keys yesterday. (Here, the woman forgot she has given the keys to her friend, so the action is placed in the past)

Remember to talk to your boss about the vacation trip. (In this sentence, the person had to remember to do it, so the action is placed in the future)
I remember seeing him last week at the gym. (In this one, I remember I saw a friend last week, thus the action is placed in the past)

Stop does not follow the same thinking but it’s even easier to understand and use. Stop with a gerund means you quit an addiction, a habit or anything you used to do. However, when it is used with an infinitive, it brings the idea of “in order to”.

I stopped my car to talk to an old friend. (In this sentence, I stopped driving my car in order to talk to an old friend, so the action was the reason why I stopped)
I stopped drinking soda 6 years ago. (Here, I quit doing something I used to do, drink soda)

So, that’s all for now..Please, let me know if I made myself clear on both posts and how you are improving on this topic. It will be my pleasure to share more information if you need :):) Have a nice rest of the week!!!♥

Gerund vs Infinitive – Part 1

Hiii everyone!! I got this amazing invitation from Jennifer to be here contributing to the blog and your learning and I am sooo excited for it. Why? Because I was/am Jennifer’s student just as you are, so as an ESL learner, I am sure we have a lot to share on this journey of learning English.

Let me tell you a bit of my own journey…Last year I lived in San Diego for almost 10 months and it was the best time of my life (if you’re thinking about going for an exchange year, I encourage you to do it! You won’t regret it, actually you won’t want to go home haha). When I moved, I already knew a few things in English and I started school at a High Intermediate level. I could understand and read well, but I couldn’t speak and that was my main goal: to speak the best I could, with the least accent possible (I warn you from the beginning: You will always have an accent and that’s fine, it shows your identity). I got to Proficiency level, then I decided to take a TOEFL preparation course and, later, the test. Besides school, I lived with a host family whom I loooove ♥ and I’m certain they had a huge contribution to my learning. Ok, let me cut to the chase (idiom: to focus on what is important; to skip the unnecessary part) and go to what really matters here..

I chose GERUNDS for today’s post so we can kill two birds with one stone (idiom: when you solve two problems at one time): 1) clarify a topic commonly confused or misunderstood and 2) write for week 3 of #AugLP.

As you all might know, a gerund is the “ing” form of the verb, but how is it used? What part of speech or functions does it fit under? Well, this varies by the context. The gerund is used as a noun and it can fit the subject or object position.

  • As subject: when it’s in the beginning of a sentence working as the subject of the verb (verb MUST be singular)

Eating is the best thing to do in Italy.
Living abroad is a good way to learn a new language.

  • As a direct object: when complementing the verb directly

I love running by the sea.
I consider littering a serious crime.

  • Preposition + gerund: after every preposition that is followed by a verb, the verb comes in its gerund form

After waiting for 45 minutes, it was finally my turn to ride the roller-coaster.
I always feed my dog before going out.
I don’t know much about selling stocks.
I congratulated her for passing the exam.

  • As a subject complement: the subject complement can be a noun, an adjective or a pronoun that describes the subject. Between the subject and the complement there must be a linking verb (most common one is the verb to be).

My favorite activity is swimming.
The best tip for a good performance on a test is sleeping well the night before.

  • As an object complement: just like the subject complement, the object complement gives more detail to the object by describing it with a noun, pronoun or adjective.

I found the student sleeping during the class.
I had issues getting used to the blog editor.

The last part I consider the hardest to associate since there is no rule, only memorization and practice. But, seriously, with practice it starts coming naturally and you will not find it challenging anymore.

  • Verbs and phrases always followed by the gerund: the list below contains the most common verbs and phrases for this category
    • admit
    • advise
    • avoid
    • be used to
    • can’t help
    • can’t stand
    • consider
    • deny
    • discuss
    • dislike
    • end up
    • enjoy
    • feel like
    • finish
    • get used to
    • give up
    • go on
    • have difficulty
    • have problems
    • have trouble
    • imagine
    • it’s no use
    • it’s worthwhile
    • keep
    • look forward to
    • mention
    • mind
    • miss
    • recommend
    • quit
    • spend time
    • suggest
    • understand
    • waste time
    • work at

Besides that, there is still more specific content comparing the use of gerunds and infinitives, which is going to be discussed on a future post, part 2.

Let’s practice???

Create examples about yourself using each of the cases we’ve studied for the gerund and let me know more about you!! Does it sound good?? :))

Overall, I hope this post has been helpful so far and feel free to get in touch with me or Jennifer for any questions or explanations. Don’t forget to practice!!! Have a nice week, guys!

Real Language Learning Advice, from Real Learners

To show my love today, I wanted to share some extra special resources that will help you take your English skills to the next level! Sharing is caring after all, so this post is dedicated to all of you. I’ve … Continue reading

100th Post Free Class Giveaway!

It’s been about a year since I’ve begun this blog, and have been encouraging the use of it in my classroom. I fell in love with the idea of connecting the variety of students I had in my classroom, connecting … Continue reading

Free Friday: Learn English with Breaking Bad

breakingbadWhen it comes to Breaking Bad, you may be one of 3 groups of people:

1. “I’ve never seen it.”

2. “Eh, whatever…didn’t care for it.”

3. “AMAZING, re-watching…[for the 3rd time]”

Perhaps number 3 is a bit of an exaggeration, but whatever group you may….or may not fit into, this post will still definitely appeal to you. I think that films and TV series are sometimes undervalued as a learning tool. Most shows can become “guilty pleasures” or seen as times when you’re being lazy on the couch; however, they carry such incredible language learning opportunities. Actually, the learning doesn’t stop at language…cultural references can be seen too! They’re an insight to so much more than just the words you can hear. Not only is there the entertainment value (assuming you choose a good one, and like films) but there is the personal challenge: your goal to watch a foreign film, without subtitles. This inner challenge can be a great motivational tool if you’re the kind of person who needs a little extra motivation.

Most students learning English want to speak fluently, but don’t fully realize the importance of all those other skills that make a fluent speaker. You know which skills I am talking about, the forgotten ones:  listening comprehension, grammar, vocabulary, reading, etc…

But how can a TV show help with my grammar and reading?

The listening part is obvious, you watch a show or movie and you practice listening. What isn’t so obvious is the underlying grammar that you are also listening to and processing. You’re experiencing complete and accurate sentence structures, a variety of tenses, and just how it should sound in relation to pronunciation and intonation. If you have subtitles, in English, you’ll practice reading skills (pace, skimming/scanning, comprehension), and there will be new vocabulary, without a doubt.

Still not quite convinced at how much a TV show can help with your language skills? Try it out! I’ve included a PDF attachment of an example of the type of material that’s a part of my English Through Film & TV Series course. The first section has important vocabulary and expressions, and not ones that you can necessarily find yourselves in a dictionary or online. You can pre-study the vocabulary so you are aware of the meanings as you watch the show. While you watch, a variety of questions will check your comprehension and understanding of the episodes, and finally as a way to practice speaking and wrap it up, discussion questions that you can review with me. In this case, I encourage interaction through my comment section. Share your thoughts, opinions, and answers for others to read as well!

Students: Interested in more lessons and practice with English through Film and TV series? Contact me for class options: jenesl760@englishoutsidethebox.com

Teachers: Interested in a file without the watermark? Contact me for details: jenesl760@englishoutsidethebox.com

See the pilot episode of Breaking Bad’s lesson here:

BreakingBad_Pilot

Happy Studying! ♥ Looking forward to hearing from you.

The Benefits of Studying Online

“I want to study a language, I just don’t know where I can find the time.”

“My schedule changes too much to commit to a class schedule.”

“I am already trying to balance work, family, friends, and LIFE. How can I add something else?”

“The closest language school is still too far.”

“I don’t have the money for costly one-on-one personal sessions.”

“I am too nervous speaking in front of a classroom full of people.”

 

Do any of these ‘excuses’ sound familiar to you?  Ever stopped yourself from fulfilling your language dream, simply because you “didn’t have the time”? Well fortunately, with the wonderful world wide web, some of those excuses are no longer true! There are many benefits to studying online, not only convenience and flexibility, but many more options of instructors, classes, themes, etc…

Let me help motivate you by giving solutions to the obstacles blocking your new path of opportunities…

“I want to study a language, I just don’t know where I can find the time.”
• With flexible online scheduling, you can find time ANYWHERE in your schedule. Learn English while enjoying a cup of coffee in the morning, while baby naps, when the kids have gone to bed, or during lunch time at the office. You name the time, we make it happen.
“My schedule changes too much to commit to a class schedule.”
• There is no need to commit to a class schedule. Your schedule is what you make it. Various times and days are available, and we can meet as many or as few times per week as you’d like. Last minute scheduling for classes is also available.*
“I am already trying to balance work, family, friends, and LIFE. How can I add something else?”
• Finding the time to add something new involves making it a priority. Speaking another language will open more doors of opportunity for work, travel, and friendships. Studying a new language shouldn’t be a chore, it should be fun, inspiring, and become a passion. With my dynamic lesson plans and teaching styles, I assure you’ll want to find the time.
“The closest language school is still too far.”
• With online studying you can learn from the comfort of your own home or office! Step outside to a nearby cafe, library, or even a park, and combine a refreshing environment with an exciting lesson. Simply put, you get to choose the location of your class!
“I don’t have the money for costly one-on-one personal sessions.”
• One-to-one/private language sessions can be expensive, especially if you add gas & mileage, materials, and the lesson itself. With online English study, you don’t pay gas/mileage, and I provide the material included in an affordable price. Package pricing is also available when bulk classes are purchased, and make sure to always look for current specials!
“I am too nervous speaking in front of a classroom full of people.”
• With a private online class with me, you don’t have anyone else to worry about. I will provide a comfortable and safe learning environment encouraging you to use any mistakes to your advantage and learn from them. Just you and a native English speaker is the perfect combination for success!
Study English online at www.englishoutsidethebox.com

Study English online at http://www.englishoutsidethebox.com

Contact me today if you’re interested in stepping out of your box [comfort zone] and looking to take the next step toward success. Don’t forget to share the power of knowledge and invite a friend!

Happy Studying! ♥

xoxo,

Jennifer

 

 

*last minute scheduling based on terms of agreement.

Free Friday: Share your Secrets

Do you have a secret?

What is your deepest, darkest secret? Is there anything you haven’t told anyone? If you had the opportunity to tell your secret anonymously, do you think you would do it?

Now is your opportunity to do it, similarly to the way you see above. You can learn more about sharing your secrets and improve your English skills with this Free Friday’s lesson based on the wonderful lesson provided by LinguaHouse. Improve not only your reading skills, but listening comprehension, vocabulary and overall English fluency by watching the provided video and using the lesson guide (with answers) to help you.

See LinguaHouse lesson [and answers] here:

Half a million secrets

Watch video for the file here:

https://embed-ssl.ted.com/talks/frank_warren_half_a_million_secrets.html

Be sure to check out PostSecret‘s website to see even more secrets being revealed.

Happy Studying ♥

As always, let me know how you did, share your thoughts, and thanks for learning with me! Share with a friend if you’ve enjoyed this lesson.